(In alphabetic order)                      

                AURORA, 1857gt, an iron clipper built in 1874 by
                Robert Steele, Greenock, for  Anderson, Anderson
                & Co.(Orient Line) . Abandoned after her wool cargo 
                caught fire from internal combustion on her homeward 
                passage on her maiden voyage in August 1875.

                Clipper Ship Aurora at sea.
                T.G. Dutton
                Coloured lithograph: 1868-1874
                Royal Museum Greenwich, London (PY8594)

                CONSTANCE, 578gt, a wood barque built in 1848
                at Ayres Quay, Durham, by George Marshall for
                his shipping company. 


              "The Constance 578 tons off  Kerguelens Land, 20th Octr. 1849
              on her passage from Plymouth to Adelaide in 77 days."
              Day & Son
              William Foster
              Hand-coloured lithograph:1851  
              National Library of Australia (nla.pc-an9537971)


                COONATTO, 633t, a composite (iron frame planked)
                clipper built by Bilbe & Perry, London, in 1862 for
                Anderson, Anderson & Co.(Orient Line).  On the Adelaide
                run until she was wrecked on Beachy Head on a return 
                passage from Adelaide in Feb. 1876.  Her fastest outward
                passage to Adelaide was in 66 days.

                "The Clipper Ship 'Coonatto" Messrs Anderson
                Thompson & Co owners & Messrs Thos Bilbe &
                Co builders"
                T.G. Dutton, artist
                Coloured lithograph
                Royal Museums Greenwich, London (PY8564)

               ETHIOPIAN, 839t, a wood ckipper built by Walter Hood,
               Aberdeen, in 1864 for George Thompson (Aberdeen White
               Star).  Built for the Australian trade, she made her maiden 
               run to Melbourne in 68 days.  She was sold to Norwegian
               owners in 1886. She was abandoned at sea in 1894. then
               found and towed into port and condemned.
              "Aberdeen Built Clipper Ship 'Ethiopian' 838 Tons Register"
              T.G. Dutton
               Coloured lithograph  
               Royal Museum Greenwich, London (PY0685)

               GOOLWA, 717t, a composite (iron framel planked) clipper
               built by, in 1864 by Hall, Aberdeen, for Anderson, Anderson
               & Co. (Orient Line).  She was a hard driven fast ship in the
               Adelaide trade.  She diappeared from the register in 1880.
              Clipper Ship 'Goolwa' (1864).
              T.G.Dutton, artist
              William Foster
              Lithograph: 1866

              Royal Museums Greemwich, London (PY8566)


              HARWOOD, 462t,  a wood clipper built in
              Montrose in 1857 for Young & Co. She was
              registered in Glasgow.  Frum the Register 
              initially intended for the China trade, she is 
              recorded as making a first arrival in Auckland
              in Nov. 1858, and evidence from a diary o0f a 
              voyage to Lytteton in 1860.  The Register has
              her in the Liverpool-South American trade
              from 1865-1869.  She disappears from the
              Register in 1870/71 

                "Clipper Ship 'Harwood' (Dr, 1867)"
                Coloured lithograph: circa 1860                                                                         
                Royal Museum Greenwich, London (PY0645)

              HESPERUS (sister of AURORA), 1859gt, iron clipper
              built by Robert Steele, Glasgow in 1873 for Anderson,
              Anderson. The Orient Line's first iron ship..  She was 
              in the Adelaide passenger trade until 1890 when she was 
              sold to Devitt & Moore for the Lord Brassey training 
              scheme. She made some good passages  as a cadet ship,
              e.g., in 1892 she arrived in Melbourne from the Lizard 
              in71 days. She was sold in 1899 to Russian owners for 
              use as a training ship in the Black Sea.  
             "Clipper Ship 'Hesperus' ...Messrs Anderson Anderson & Co Owners...

              & Robert Steele & Co...Builders, Greenock"
              T.G. Dutton, artist
              William Foster
              Coloured lithograph: 16Feb. 1874  
              Royal Museums Greenwich, London (PY8588)

               IDA ZIEGLER, 860t, a wood clipper built in 
               Bremerhaven in 1854 for T.H.A. Wattenbach 
               and F.W.Heilers of London.  From 1857 to 1862,
               she made six voyages London to Calcutta, and          
               then made seven voyages to Auckland with
               emigrants under charter to Shaw Savill.  She
               was sold in 1867 while still under charter, and
               was driven ashore and wrecked at Hawkes Bay,
               New Zealand in Feb. 1869.  She is recorded as
               having made consistently good passages. .     

              Lithograph by and after T.G. Dutton
              From Frank C. Bowen's "The  Golden Age of Sail"

              JAMES BAINES, 2275t (British measure), a softwood
              clipper designed and built by Donald Mckay, Boston in
              1854 for James Baines' Black Ball Line of Liverpool at 
              the time of the Australian Gold Rush.  She made a maiden
              voyage to  Melbourne from Liverpool  in a record 63 days.  
              In1857, she was taken up by the Government to carry
              troops to India because of the Indian Mutiny.  She
              returned in April 1858 with a cargo of rice, jute, linseed
              and cow hides from Calcutta which caught fire while 
              being unloaded at Liverpool resulting in the loss of the ship.

            G.H. Andrews, artist, 1855    
            T.G. Dutton, engraver                       
            Royal Museum Greenwich, London (PY8552)

             KAISOW, 820gt, a composite (iron frame, teak
             and elm planks) clipper  built by Robert Steele,
             Greenock, in 
1868 for Alexander Rodger of
             Glasgow.  Intended for the China tea trade, she
             was fast and made good passages. Her first voyage
             was to Shanghai in 1869.  The steamers were
             making inroads into the tea trade but she secured a
             cargo.   In 1872, she carried a cargo (probably sugar)
             from Batavia.  In 1872 she took tea to New York.
             In 1874, she sailed first to Melbourne and then to
             China and obtained a cargo in Bangkok. From
             1877-1879, she made three voyages carrying timber
             from Vancouver to Shanghai.  Her last tea cargo
             was in 1884 from Yokohama to San Francisco.  She
             was sold in 1885, and transferred to the South 
             American trade.  In 1891,  bound from Valparaiso
             with a cargo of manganese ore she foundered in a
             Force 10 gale when her cargo shifted and put her
             on her beams 
             "Clipper Ship 'Kaisow' outward bound , January 186
             T.G. Dutton, artist

             William Foster
             Coloured lithograph: circa  1868-1874

             Royal Museum Greenwich, London (PY8580)


                LAHLOO, 799t, a composite (iron frame, planking)
                built in 1867 by Robert Steele, Greenock, for Alexander
                Rodger (owner of TAEPING and later KAISOW). In the
                1868-69 tea season she was among the leaders with a
                cargo from Foochow but behindARIEL, SIR LANCELOT
                and TAEPING.  In the 1869-70 season, she was again 
                among the leaders from Foochow with a passage time of
                101 days; and again, if latein the 1870-1871 season, she
                made an impressive 98 day paasage from Foochow. In
                the next season in July 1872, she was wrecked on
                Sandlewood Island (one of the Sunda   islands) homeward
                bound with a cargo of tea from Shanghai.

                Clipper Ship 'Lahloo', 799 Tons
                T.G. Dutton, artist and engraver
                William Foster, publisher 
                Coloured lithograph:1868-1874   
                Royal Museums Greenwich, London (PY8578)

                 LANCASHIRE WITCH, 1575t, a sot wood clipper
                 built in 1854 by Lomas & Sewell, Quebec. In 1863,
                 owned by Firnie & Co. , Liverpool, she was chartered
                 by Shaw, Savill Co. to carry emigrants to New Zealand.  
                 She made three voyages to New Zealand.  In1863,  in
                 a passage to Lyttelton, she departed London with 420
                 emigrants.  Scarlet fever  broke out and 3 adults and
                 23 children died.  On arrival at Lytteltom, the ship was
                 placed in quarantine. When allowed ashore, the
                 emigrants found that no prope arrangements had been
                 made for their reception.  The next voyage in 1865 was
                 to Auckland where she arrived with 400 passengers - the
                 largest number that had arrived there in one vessel.  In
                 1867, she made a second voyage to Lyttelton  with 43
                 saloon and 100 steerage passengers.  In 1887, the
                 vessel became a hulk in Callao

                Clipper Ship 'Lancashire Witch',1575 Tons
                T.G. Dutton, artist and engraver
                William Foster, publisher
                Coloured lithograph: 1863   
                Royal Museums Greenwich, London (PY8537)                 

                MEROPE, 1082t, a composite (iron frame, planked)
                clipper built by Oswald, Sunderland in 1870 for the
                Shaw Savill Co.  A handsome shipand a reputation for
                fast passages. She  had a
successful career carrying
                emigrants and cargo  to  New Zealand over eighteen
                voyages,  In the
early eighties her rig was reduced to
                a barque with a registered 1054t.  In 1890, she took
                on a
cargo of wool,, tallow and flax at Wellington and
                off the Azores on her passage back to London
                cargo caught fire from internal combustion and the
                ship had to be abandoned.. The survivors
were picked
                up by the American ship SERVIA.       .

                T.G.Dutton lithograph                                          
                From David Savill's "Sail to New Zealand"

                MIRAGE, 950t, a wood clipper built byJohn Pile,
                West Hartlepool, in 1855
for Ewing, Liverpool. 
                In the China trade and she sailed with tea cargoes
                in nine of the ten tea seasons from 1855 to 1865 -
                on six occasions from Shanghai/Whampoa, twice
                from Foochow, and once from Hong Kong. She
                was sold in Hong Kong in 1868.  She met her end
                in 1871 on a passage from Bangkok to Hong Kong.  
                One account is that she was wrecked on Tyho or
                Tyoa Island.  Another acount, which appeared in
                the Hong Kong press, is that the rice cargo choked 
                the pumps in a heavy gale and the vessel was
                abandoned near Tyho Island.
                The Clipper Ship 'Mirage', 965 Tons
                T.G. Dutton, artist and engraver
                Day & Son , engravers
                William Foster, Publisher
                Coloured lithograph: 1853-1857
                Royal Museums Greenwich, London (PY0637)


                NORMAN COURT, 855gt, a composite (iron
                frame, planked) clipper, designed by William
                Rennie and built in 1869 byA & J Inglis, Glasgow,
                for Baring Brother, London.  She was widely
                regarded as an exceptionally handsome vessel..
                In her maiden tea race from Foochow in 1870
                she took 105 days compared with the 98 days
                of Lahloo and Leander   She was among the
                first flight of the tea clippers but she was up
                against the formidable competition of Thermopylae
                and Cutty Sark and other 'cracks' in the seven
                tea season races from 1870-76.  In 1877, she
                missed the tea race because of depressed freights 
                and her rig was reduced to a barque. In 1878,  unable
                to get a tea cargo for London at acceptable freigbt
                rates,she took tea cago under charter to Port
                Elizabeth.  In 1879 she took her last tea cargo to
                London from Foochow.  In 1881, after a voyage to
                the Coramandel coast she was sold to a Greenock
                firm and put in the Java sugar trade. On the return
                passag of her first voyage for the new owners she
                stranded at Holyhead and broke up.
                 The Clipper Ship 'Norman Court'               
                 T.G. Dutton
                 Coloured lithograph: circa 1868-1874
                 Royal Museums Greenwich, London (PY8582)

                ORIENT, 1,033t, a wood clipper built in 1853 by
                Bilbe & Perry, Rotherhithe, for Anderson, Anderson. 
                Intended for the Australian Gold Rush trade she was          
                taken by the Government soon after completion to
                carry troops to the Crimea. She was involed in the
                Crimean campaign as a transport and later as a
                hospital ship until 1856.  She was then put in the
                Adelaide trade the first of the Anderon, Anderson
                ships in in this trade.  From 1856 to 1877 she made 21
                voyages from London and Plymouth to
Adelaide and 
                was a popular passenger clipper.  In 1861, her cargo
                caugrt fire and her
passengers were transferred to a
                Dutch ship which stood by but the fire was brought
control..She went to Ascension Island where
                her cargo was taken out and examined. As
the pioneer 
                ship, her name was adopted  for the Line - the Orient
                Line.  She was sold in
1879 and became a coal huk at

                Clipper Ship 'Orient'(1853) 1032 Tons
                T.G. Dutton
                Lithograph: 1851-1853 (Many similarities with
                T.G. Dutton's lithograph of 'Timaru" at least
years later below)
                Royal  Museums Greenwich, London (PY8541)

               SCHOMBERG, 2,264t, the wood clipper buili
               in 1855 by Alexander Hall of Aberdeen for
              James Baines Black Ball Line.  It was the 
               largest wood clipper built in Great Britain and
               an attempt to match the large American and
               Canadian clippers purchsed by Liverpool ship 
               owners to carrypassengers to the Gold Rush in
               Australia.  On her maiden voyage to Melbourne 
               she ran aground on a reef close to the Victorian coast..
               Passengers were taken to Melbourne by a passing
               steamer. The vessel was a total loss.                                                                     

              'Clipper Ship 'Schomberg'(1855) 
              G.H. Andrews, artist
              T.G. Dutton, engraver  
              Lithograph: 1854-1861                                                                                                        
              Royal Museums Greenwich, London (PY8552)

              SHUN LEE, 674t,  a composite (iron frame, planked) clipper 
              built in1866 by W. Walker, Rotherhithe,  for his own use.  
              Her maiden voyage was to Australia. In the following year
              she went to China.  In 1871, she was sold to a London firm 
              and put in the New Zealand trade.  She is recorded as arriving
              in Port Chalmers in Dec. 1871 with 23 passengers.  In1874
              she was sold to M.Ion & Co. and subsequently transferred
              to J.Graham and then back to M.Ion & Co. In 1880 she was
              reduced to a Barque rig, and in 1885 sold to J.Jenkins.  In
|             1891, she was destroyed by an internal combustion fire at
              Rio de Janeiro
              'The 'Shun Lee' 700 Tons Register A1 at Lloyds 14 years. 
              Built by Wm Walker Esq, Lavender Dock, Rotherhithe,
              London, July 1866"   
              T.G. Dutton, artist 
              Coloured lithograph                                                                                                       
              Royal Museum Greenwich, London (PY8575)

               SILVER EAGLE, 903gt, a wood clipper built in 1861 by
               the Portland Shipbuilding Company, Troon, for Joseph 
               Somes (later owner of LEANDER). She sailed initially 
               between London and New Zealand.  Her years as a tea
               clipper were from 1863 to 1869.  She was newer among
               the 'cracks' but in five of  seven tea seasons she 
               secured cargoes of tea- 3 from Shanghai. 1 from Hankow 
               and her last in1869 from Foochow. In the early seventies
               voyages to Australia were interposed by one to Japan.  
               In 1877, her rig was reduced to a barque.  In 1884, she
               was sold to Norwegian owners and renamed AQUILA. 
               In April 1895., she was abandoned at sea.  
              "Silver Eagle' (1861) clipper ship, 1046 Tons..."
               T.G.Dutton, artist
               Coloured lithograph:
               Royal Museum Greenwich, London (PY0673)

               SIR LANCELOT (sister of ARIEL), 886t,  
               a composite clipper (iron frame, planked) 
               built in 1865 by Robert Steele, Greenock.
               One of the top flight of tea clippers.  on her
               second voyage in 1868  she loaded late in
               Shanghai but overhaulrd modt of the ealier
               starters in th e passage of the year -99 days.
               In 1869, she beat THERMOPYLAE to
               London in a  record passage of 81 dsys. She
               beat THERMOPYLAE again in 1870.  Her
               subsequent voyage were less impressive and 
               her glory days were over.  In 1876 she was 
               reduced to a barque and was sold in 1886 to
               Indian owners and put in the India Mauritius
               trade. Sold agin to Persian owners in 1895, she
               disappesred later that year ia voyage from
               Muscat to Calcutta and is believed to have 
               oundered in a cyclone off Calcutta.
              "'Sir Lancelot' 886 Tons Register
              Richard Robinson Commander"
              T.G. Dutton, artist and engraver
              William Foster, publisher
              Coloured lithograph: circa 1868-1874 
              Royal Museums Greenwich, London (PY8571)

                SOUTH AUSTRALIAN, 1,078gt, a composite 
                (iron frame, planked) clipper built in 1868 by 
                W. Pile, Sunderland, for Devitt & Moore.  As
                a passenger clipper she was mainly in the South 
                Australian trade but occasionaly went to Melbourne.
                She was in this trade for close to twenty years.  She
                was sold to a Belfast firm in 1887 and was sunk in a 
                collision in 1889.


               "Clipper Ship 'South Australian' (1863) at sea
                near a coast.."                
                T.G. Dutton, artist and engraver
                Coloured lithograph   
                Royal Museums Greenwich, London (PY8565)

               SOUTHERN CROSS, 347t, 3 masted barque built
               in 1851 by John Watson Hobart, Tasmania, for
               Charles Seal, Hobart. The vessel is described in
               the Lloyds Register 1860 as in the London to
               Hobart trade  Ownership of the vessel changed
               at least twice in the life of the vessel.  She  was
               wrecked by coming ashore about two miles west
               of Cape Douglas, South Australia, in May 1880
               and became a total loss.
               "Barque 'Southern Cross', 347 tons :
               George R. McArthur Commander"  
               Day & Son
               William Foster
               Coloured lithograph: circa 1853
               National Library of Australia

              TAEPING, 767 tons was built in 1863 by Robert Steele
              at Greenock for Rodger & Co.  She was designed to  be 
              faster than FIERY CROSS which had been the leading
              clipper with the new season tea from China in 1861 and
              1862.  She arrived too late in 1864 and suffered typhoon
              damge in 1865 which prevented her from being among 
              the first ships loadin new season tea. In 1866, she was
              among the first ships loading and in a tight race with
              ARIEL and SERICA. They left the Pagoda anchorage
              at Foochow close together and docked in the Thames
              on the same tide -99 days out. She shared the honours
              with ARIEL  In 1967, TAEOING was home a week before 
              any other tea clipper after a passage of 103 days.  But
              SIR LANCELOT which came in later had made a passage 
              of  99 days. In 1868, TAEPING, AREEL and SIR
              LANCELOT left the Pagoda anchorage close together,
              and was beaten in a close finish by SPINDRIFT, ARIEK
              and SIR LANCELOT.  In 1869, all recods were broken by
              SIR LANCELOT's passage of 89 days and THERMOPYLAE's
              91 days.  In 1871, TAEPING was wrecked on Ladd's reef in
              the South China Sea while bound for New York from Amoy.  
              Steamers took over the tea trade in 1875.
            "Clipper Ship 'Taeping' 767 Tons D Mckinnon Commander 

              in the South China Sea in company with the 'Fiery Cross' on
              their homeward voyage from Foo-Chow-Foo to London,  
              June 1866."
              T.G. Dutton, artist
              Colooured lithograph: 1866
              Royal Museum Greenwich, London (PY0682)

               THE MURRAY -  903 tons built in 1861 by Alexander Hall
               at Aberdeen for James Thompson & Co.  She was in the
               Adelaide trade with the Orient Line and was their last ship
               built entirely of wood.  She was a fast ship and in 1863 made
               a passage from Plymouth to Adelaide in 73 days.  In 1880
               she was sold to Norwegian owners and renamed  FRIEA.
               She was lost on theastern side of outer Oslofiord with a
               cargo of coal.  There were no survivors.

              Clipper Ship 'The Murray' (1861)
              T.G. Dutton
              Lithograph: 1863
              Royal Museums Greenwich, London (PY8561)

              TIMARU, 1,306t, an iron nclipper built in 1874 by
              Scott, Greenock, for Patrick Henderson (Albion
              Shipping Co.).  She was intebded for and spent
              most of her life in the New Zealand passenger and    
              cargo trade. She made good passages. In 1879. she
              reached the Scillies in 68 days from New Zealand,
              and had reached Port Chalmers in her outward
              passage in 78 days.  With the amalgamation of
              Albion with Shaw Savill in 1883, she sailed under
              the Shaw Savill & Albion flag.  Refrigeration 
              eqquipment was installed in thvessel, and in 1899
              she was sold to a South African cold storage company
              for use as a freezer hulk.  

                .                                "TheAlbion Shipping Company's Ships...'Timaru'.
              Built for P. Henderson & Cos Line of London and

              New Zealand"

              William Clark, artist

              T.G. Dutton, engraver

              Coloured lithograph

              Royal Museums Greenwich, London (PY8593)

              TORY, 433t (old mesurement)  512t (new measuement),
              a wood barque built in 1842 at Sunderland for J&F Somes.  
              This vessel made three voyages as a convict transport
              to Australia. Two of these voyages were to Hobart in 1845
              and 1848 each with 170 female convicts who were landed
              after passages of  104 and 98 days.  The third was to
              Norfolk Island in 1847 where 195 male convicts were landed. 
              A barque TORY of the same details was lost when she went
              ashore near Port Stephens, New South Wales in 1853. Her
              commander was Captain Langford (as in the inscription of
              the Dutton lithograph). The vessel was carrying a party of
              labourers from Britain to Port Stephens for  the Peel River
              Mining Company.  No lives were lozt.
               "Barque Tory. G.E. Langford,Commander.
               Australian Cordilleras Gold Mining
               Company Chartered Ship leaving the
               Downs with their first expedition to
               T.G. Dutton, artist and engraver  
               Day & Son, engravers
               Coloured lithograph
               Australian National Library


               WEST AUSTRALIAN - iron clipper -
               599t 1859 Hartlepool. Intended for the 
               Indian trade, she made a voyages to
               Australia in1861/62,  and three from 
               London to New Zealand in !863/64,
               1664.65 and 1965/88. In 1866/67 she is
               recirded as in the Liverpool- South
               American Trade then for some yrars 
               from 1868/69 in the Liverpool-India
               trade.  She was still on the Register
               in th1880s as being in Liverpool
               without any destinations listed.
              "Clipper Ship 'West Australian' 600 Tons Register"
              T.G. Dutton, artist and engraver
              Day & Son, printers
              William Foster, publisher
              Coloured lithograph: circa 1857-1860
              Royal Museums Greenwich, London (PY0661)

              YATALA - 1127 tons.  A composite (metal ribs planked)
              clipper built by Thomas Bilbe of Rotherhithe , London, in
              1865 for Anderson Anderson's Orient Line's Adelaide
              passenger trade.  Wrecked at Andreselles, Gris Nez, 
              north of Boulogne, on a homeward passage from Adelaide 
              with a cargo of wool in March 1872.
              " Clipper Ship 'Yatala' Messrs Anderson Thopson
              & Co Owners & Thos Bilbe & Co Builders"
              T.G. Dutton
              Coloured lithograph 
              Royal Museums Greenwich, London (PY8573)


              1. Royal Museums Greenwich, London

              2.  National Library of Australia

              3. Frank C. Bowen's "The Golden Age Of Sail
                  (Halton & Truscott Smith Ltd., London 1825)

              4. David Savill's "Sail to New Zealand: The Story
                  of Shaw Savill & Co1858-82"
                  (Robert Hale Ltd, London 1986)

             5.  Basil Lubbock's "The Colonial Clippers"
                  (Brown, Son & Ferguson Ltd,., Glasgow, New Edition 1948)

             6.  Basil Lubbock"s "The China Clippers"
                  (James Brown & Son, Glasgow 1916)

             7.   Pictured by J. Spurling, Storied by Basil Lubbock & Edited by F.A.Hook
                  " SAIL: The Romance of the Clipper Ships", Vols. I.& II 
                  (The Blue Peter Publishing Company, London 1828 & 1929)

             8.   Lloyds Register of British and Foreign Shipping.